MUNA Rules

Note: These Rules of Procedure are based to a large extent upon those of the United Nations General Assembly. It should be noted that, in places, they have been adapted to the particular needs of MUNA.

III. DELEGATIONS
Rule 25 (Composition)

IV. CREDENTIALS
Rule 27 (Submission of Credentials)
Rule 28 (Credentials Committee)
Rule 29 (Provisional Admission to Session)

V. PRESIDENTS AND VICE-PRESIDENTS
Rule 31 (Elections)
Rule 32 (Acting President)
Rule 33 (Powers of Acting President)
Rule 35 (General Powers of the President)

VI. SECRETARIAT
Rule 45 (Duties of the Secretary-General)
Rule 46 (Duties of the Secretary-General)
Rule 47 (Duties of the Secretariat)
Rule 48 (Annual Report of the Secretary-General)
Rule 49 (Notification under Article 12 of the Charter)

VII. LANGUAGES
Rule 51 (Official and Working Languages)
Rule 54 (Interpretation from other languages)

XI. MINUTE OF SILENT PRAYER OR MEDITATION
Rule 64 (Invitation to silent prayer or meditation)

XII. PLENARY MEETINGS
Rule 67 (Reference to Committees)
Rule 69 (Quorum)
Rule 70 (Speeches)
Rule 72 (Statements by the Secretariat)
Rule 73 (Points of Order)
Rule 74 (Time Limit on Speeches)
Rule 75 (List of Speakers)
Rule 78 (Suspension or Adjournment of the Meeting)
Rule 80 (Proposals and Amendments)
Rule 84 (Voting Rights)
Rule 85 (Two-Thirds Majority)
Rule 87 (Simple Majority)
Rule 88 (Meaning of the expression “Members present and voting”)
Rule 89 (Method of Voting)
Rule 92 (Voting on Amendments)

III. DELEGATIONS

Rule 25 (Composition)

The delegation of a Member shall consist of not more than two representatives and one adviser.

IV. CREDENTIALS

Rule 27 (Submission of Credentials)
The credentials of representatives, and the names of members of a delegation shall be submitted to the Secretary-General if possible not less than one week before the date fixed for the opening of the session.

Rule 28 (Credentials Committee)
The Credentials Committee shall be appointed at the beginning of each session. It shall consist of nine members, who shall be appointed by the President. The committee shall elect its own officers. It shall examine the credentials of representatives and report without delay.

Rule 29 (Provisional Admission to Session)
Any representative to whose admission a Member has made objection shall be seated provisionally with the same rights as other representatives, until the Credentials Committee has reported the General Assembly has given its decision.

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V. PRESIDENTS AND VICE-PRESIDENTS

Rule 31 (Elections)
The General Assembly shall elect a President and eight Vice-Presidents who shall hold office until the close of the session at which they are elected. The Vice-Presidents shall be elected, after the election of the Chairmen of the seven Main Committees referred to in Rule 101, on the basis of ensuring the representative character of the General Committee.  For the purpose of MUNA, the MUNA Committee shall appoint a President, a Deputy President, a Secretary-General and a Deputy Secretary General. They shall hold office until the close of the session for which they are appointed.

Rule 32 (Acting President)
If the President finds it necessary to be absent during a meeting or any part thereof, he/she shall appoint the Deputy President to take his/her place.

Rule 33 (Powers of Acting President)
The Deputy President acting as President shall have the same powers and duties as the President.

Rule 35 (General Powers of the President)
In addition to exercising the powers which are conferred upon him/her elsewhere by these rules, the President shall declare the opening and closing of each plenary meeting of the session, shall direct the discussion in plenary meeting; ensure observance of these rules, accord the right to speak, put questions and announce decisions. He/she shall rule on points of order, and, subject to the rules, shall have complete control of the proceedings at any meeting and over the maintenance of order thereat. The President may, in the course of discussion of an item, announce to the General Assembly the limitation of the time to be allowed to speakers, the limitation of the number of times each representative may speak on any question, the closure of the list of speakers or the closure of debate. He/she may announce the suspension or adjournment of the meeting or the adjournment of the debate on the item under discussion.

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VI. SECRETARIAT

Rule 45 (Duties of the Secretary-General)
The Secretary-General shall act in that capacity, in all meetings of the General Assembly, its committee and subcommittees. He/she may designate a member of the staff to act in his/her place at these meetings.

Rule 46 (Duties of the Secretary-General)
The Secretary-General shall provide and direct the staff required by the General Assembly and any committees or subsidiary organs which it may establish.

Rule 47 (Duties of the Secretariat)
The Secretariat shall receive, translate, print and distribute documents, reports and resolutions of the General Assembly, its committees and organs; interpret speeches made at the meetings; distribute all documents of the General Assembly to the Members of the United Nations, and, generally, perform all other work which the General Assembly may require.

Rule 48 (Annual Report of the Secretary-General)
The Secretary-General shall make an annual report, and such supplementary reports as are required, to the General Assembly on the work of the Organization.

Rule 49 (Notification under Article 12 of the Charter)
The Secretary-General, with the consent of the Security Council, shall notify the General Assembly at each session of any matters, relative to the maintenance of international peace and security which are being dealt with by the Security Council, and shall similarly notify the General Assembly or the Members of the United Nations if the General Assembly is not in session, immediately the Security Council ceases to deal with such matters.

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VII. LANGUAGES

Rule 51 (Official and Working Languages)
Chinese, English, French, Arabic, Russian and Spanish shall be the official languages of the General Assembly, its Committees and sub-Committees. English (and French) shall be the working language(s).

Rule 54 (Interpretation from other languages)
Any representative may make a speech in a language other than the working language(s). In this case, he/she shall himself/herself provide interpretation into (one of) the working language(s).

XI. MINUTE OF SILENT PRAYER OR MEDITATION

Rule 64 (Invitation to silent prayer or meditation)
Immediately after the opening of the first plenary meeting and immediately preceding the closing of the final Assembly, the President shall invite the representatives to observe one minute of silence dedicated to prayer or meditation.

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XII. PLENARY MEETINGS

Rule 67 (Reference to Committees)
The General Assembly shall not, unless it decides otherwise, make a final decision upon any item on the agenda until it has received the report of a committee on that item.

Rule 69 (Quorum)
A majority of the Members of the General Assembly shall constitute a quorum.

Rule 70 (Speeches)
No representative may address the General Assembly without having previously obtained the permission of the President. The President shall call upon speakers in the order in which they have been designated to speak. The President may call a speaker to order if his/her remarks are not relevant to the subject under discussion.

Rule 72 (Statements by the Secretariat)
The Secretary-General or a member of the Secretariat designated by him/her as his/her representative, may, at any time, make either oral or written statements to the General Assembly concerning any question under consideration by it.

Rule 73 (Points of Order)
During the discussion of any matter, a representative may rise to a point of order, and the point of order shall be immediately decided by the President in accordance with the rules of procedure. A representative rising to a point of order may not speak on the substance of the matter under discussion.

Rule 74 (Time Limit on Speeches)
The mover will be allowed to speak for 5 minutes, the seconder for 4 minutes and other speakers 3 minutes to each resolution or part thereof. When a representative has spoken his/her allotted time, the President shall call him/her to order without delay.

Rule 75 (List of Speakers)
At the beginning of each session, the President may announce the list of speakers and declare the list closed. He/she may, however, accord the right of reply to any Member if a speech delivered after he/she has declared the list closed makes this desirable. TOP

Rule 78 (Suspension or Adjournment of the Meeting)
During the discussion of any matter, a representative may move the suspension or the adjournment of the meeting. Such motions shall not be debated, but shall be immediately put to the vote. The President may limit the time to be allowed to the speaker moving the suspension or adjournment of the meeting.

Rule 80 (Proposals and Amendments)
Priority will be given to amendments from the committees. Amendments must be submitted prior to Assembly discussion of the resolution but after discussion in the committee of the resolution to be amended. Each committee may submit formal amendment/s. After these have been considered, amendments may, at the President’s discretion, be entertained from the floor.

Rule 84 (Voting Rights)
Each Member of the General Assembly shall have one vote.

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Rule 85 (Two-Thirds Majority)
Decisions of the General Assembly on important questions shall be made by a two-thirds majority of the delegations present and voting. These questions shall include: recommendations with respect to the maintenance of international peace and security, the election of non-permanent members of the Security Council, the election of the Trusteeship Council in accordance with Paragraph 1c. of Article 86 of the Charter, the admission of new Members to the United Nations, the suspension of the rights and privileges of membership, the expulsion of Members, questions relating to the operation of the Trusteeship System, and budgetary questions. A two-thirds majority is calculated on the basis of yes and no votes, not counting abstentions (See Rule 87 below).

Rule 87 (Simple Majority)
Decisions of the General Assembly on questions other than those provided for in Rule 85, including the determination of additional categories of questions to be decided by a two-thirds majority, shall be made by a simple majority of delegations present and voting.

Rule 88 (Meaning of the expression “Members present and voting”)
The phrase “Members present and voting” means Members present on the floor of the Assembly and casting an affirmative, negative, or an abstaining vote.

An abstention is counted as a part of the total votes cast but is not counted as either a part of yes or no votes.  It is an effective tool to get out from under a rock and a hard place.  Abstaining delegation/s may wish to be counted, for a variety of reasons, as part of the assembly but not as favoring or opposing a specific proposal. It is, in effect, a non-vote.

Rule 89 (Method of Voting)
The General Assembly shall vote by a roll-call on all major resolutions. The roll-call shall be taken in the English alphabetical order of the names of Members, beginning with the member whose name is drawn by lot by the President. All other votes shall be taken on a standing vote.

Rule 92 (Voting on Amendments)
When an amendment is moved to a proposal, the amendment shall be voted on first. When two or more amendments are moved to a proposal, the General Assembly shall first on the amendment furthest removed therefrom, and so on, until all the amendments have been put to the vote. Where, however, the adoption of one amendment necessarily implies the rejection of another amendment, the latter amendment shall not be put to the vote. If one or more amendments are adopted, the amended proposal shall then be voted upon. A motion is considered an amendment to a proposal if it merely adds to, deletes from or revises part of that proposal.

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